Acne & Blemishes: Causes & Prevention

In some of the previous blogs we have touched on but not completely spoken about arguably one of the most common skin conditions – acne. That is because it is something that is so common and in some cases so traumatising that it deserves its own section. So let’s talk about acne and what is usually a product of acne – blemishes. To better understand what we are dealing with when it comes to acne and blemishes we first need to know what they really are.

What is Acne?

Acne is the general term for spots, pimples and blemishes and usually effects teenagers. And, as we all know, a teenager going through puberty provides the perfect circumstance for acne breakouts due to the hormone imbalances. For those of us who are very much past puberty, adult acne can be both confusing because why is your body deciding now is the right time for acne? And frustrating because I mean why acne? Right? But we shall touch on that a bit later.


What are blemishes?

A blemish can be anything from a mark or area of discoloration on the skin and face, to birthmarks that your born with, to that unfortunate patch of red wine on the flip side of your rug that no one will ever know about. But of course here we are talking about the type of blemish that can be the result of acne.

What is mainly causing your Acne & How could you prevent it?

Some of you may have noticed that acne can sometimes seem seasonal. One month you have it and the next month it is gone, and some of you may have it for longer periods of time. This is because there are many contributing factors to why you may be getting acne, or why your acne is worsening.


Oil/Water based products

Oil and water based cosmetic products are the first culprits on the list. If you know you have naturally oily skin, the extra oils from the products clog your pores up even more. We have already said in another blog that a blocked pore is an unhappy pore and it will not be afraid to tell you it’s unhappy. On the flip side dry skin will only be made more dry in the use of water based products. The best thing to do is to know your skin type and then buy your cosmetic products – creams, moisturisers and soaps accordingly. You can find help on discovering what skin type you have in our previous blog Explaining Your Skin.


Stress & Anxiety

Throughout your life you may experience a number of illnesses and ailments as a result of stress, and acne is no different. When you are stressed out it shows on your skin. Unless the stressor has been removed from your day to day life it is difficult to treat stress. Having said that, taking time out of your day to do something that you enjoy doing to help counteract the effects of stress could do the world of good.


Pre-Menstrual or Hormonal Changes

The female body goes through some serious hormonal changes every month. So yes, between the severe cramps, mood swings and constantly feeling like a water balloon, for some ladies acne is another symptom to add to the list. Throughout your menstrual cycle the female hormone estrogen slowly falls while the male hormones progesterone and testosterone remain the same. This means for a time you have a higher number of male hormones than female hormones. Resulting in your skin producing a lot more oil than usual, and as a result of that acne is formed. Thanks guys.



Very much like stress, a poor diet can be one of the top contenders in the what caused my acne race. Maintaining a poor diet will definitely show on your skin in the form of breakouts. The same way there are foods that will help you stay healthy and are good for you, there are foods that will do the opposite. Foods high in fats, saturated fats, sugars, dairy and gluten can all contribute to acne. So do everything in moderation, it is good to try to stay away from saturated fats completely, but there are some fats that in moderation are quite good in the body. Just keep an eye on your diet, and be aware of what foods are going to feed your spots and try to stay away from them as much as possible.

Blemishes & How to prevent/get rid of them

In this case, blemishes are a result of spots and acne. It is so very tempting to squeeze spots when they appear, but this is the worst thing you can do as it encourages the area where the pimple was to scar. However, the frustrating thing about blemishes is that you don’t even need to squeeze a pimple for the blemish to appear. It seems to be a general result of an acne breakout anyway. Blemishes are not specific to any race or age but can trouble anyone. There are both natural and medicinal remedies for blemishes that have been tried and tested.



Each individual persons skin is different and unique to that person so what may work on your blemishes may not on someone else. So it is wise to keep in mind you may need to try a few options before you find something that works for your skin. Following an everyday facial cleansing and sanitising routine is a must, no matter your skin type. Reducing fats and oils in the diet will help with prevention as it will help stop acne in its tracks.


Going Natural

There are some recommended natural remedies such as:
Potato slices placed onto the affected area for a few minutes.
Homemade Almond and milk face mask. Soak some almonds in water over night. Once soaked peel them and blend into a paste while adding milk. Apply to affected area over night and wash off in the morning.
Apply honey to affected area and cover the area over night. Wash off in the morning.

If you feel going the natural route is not for you then book in for a complimentary face mapping skin assessment where we can advise on what products will help best to treat your skin.

Bookings: 0208 780 1771


Although acne and blemishes may feel stressful at the time there is always a way to make it better, or at least make you feel more comfortable. Hopefully following some of the advice in this blog has helped you on your journey to better skin.


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